Surgery in the century before anaesthetics


“Eighteenth-century surgeons prided themselves on fast amputations, as well as procedures such as removing bladder stones, cancers, and even cataracts from the eye.”

Fillmore Randolph’s engrossing and informative account of surgery in the 1700s – here.

Also, a fascinating Daniel Hahn article on John Hunter, the eighteenth-century Scotsman credited with being the father of modern surgery (and who also conspired to rob graves!) – here.


 ‘Casanova in Paris: The Shadows of the King’ is now freely available here.

27 long form articles on Casanova’s life and times are freely available here.


#surgery #europe #eighteenthcentury #johnhunter